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Türkei, Armenien und Kurdistan -
Bereit zur Moderne?

 

Andrew G. Bostom: Mas-Kom-Ya, Erdogan, and Turkey’s Islamic Jew Hatred. Prime minister Erdogan's posture toward Israel and Jews represents the apotheosis of Islamic Jew hatred manifest in Turkey for a half-millennium. Close ties between the most violent operatives from Turkey’s jihadist IHH organization on board the Mavi Maramara ship, and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his ruling AKP government revealed. (pajamas, 6/17/10).
In 1974, Erdogan, while serving as president of the Istanbul Youth Group of his mentor, former Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan’s National Salvation Party, wrote, directed, and played the leading role in a theatrical play entitled Maskomya, staged throughout Turkey during the 1970s. Mas-Kom-Ya was a compound acronym for “Masons-Communists-Yahudi” — the latter meaning “Jews.” The play focused on the evil, conspiratorial nature of these three entities whose common denominator was Judaism.
Erbakan, founder of the fundamentalist Islamic Milli Gorus movement (National Vision; originated 1969), mentored current AKP leaders President Gul and Prime Minister Erdogan. Both were previously active members of Erbakan’s assorted fundamentalist political parties, serving in mayoral, ministerial, and parliamentary posts. The IHH — whose violent operatives featured prominently in the Mavi Maramara anti-Semitic incitement and subsequent bloodshed — has its origins in this same Orthodox Islamic Milli Görüş movement.
....There was nothing “humanitarian” whatsoever in the Ottomans accepting a relatively modest number of Jewish refugees from the Inquisition. Far greater numbers were accepted in other parts of Europe itself....

Turkish envoy won't return if U.S. labels Armenian deaths 'genocide' (WP, 03/23/10).
Turkey will not send its recalled ambassador back to Washington until the Obama administration and Congress make clear they will not judge Turkish history, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said Tuesday. The country recalled its envoy, Namik Tan, last month after the House Foreign Affairs Committee passed a resolution labeling Turkey's killings of 1.5 million Armenians in 1915 a genocide. "We cannot accept the judgment of members of the foreign relations committee, who do not know anything about the history," Davutoglu said in an interview in Ankara.

Türkei droht 100.000 (christlichen) Armeniern mit Deportation (Welt, 17.3.10). Edogan: „Gegenwärtig leben 170.000 Armenier in unserem Land“, sagte er. „Nur 70.000 sind türkische Staatsbürger, aber wir tolerieren die übrigen 100.000. Wenn nötig, kann es passieren, dass ich diesen 100.000 sagen muss, das sie in ihr Land zurückgehen sollen, weil sie nicht meine Staatsbürger sind. Ich muss sie nicht in meinem Land behalten.“

Die Auferstehung der Aleviten. Von Ferda Ataman. Wie viele Aleviten in der Türkei leben, ist unbekannt. Wissenschaftler gehen von etwa 20 Prozent der türkischen Bevölkerung aus, etwa 13 Millionen Menschen. Die Türkei erkennt das Alevitentum nicht als eigenständige Religion an, die Gläubigen gelten offiziell als Muslime. Daher haben Aleviten auch nur wenige Gebetshäuser, die meisten treffen sich zu ihren Gebetssitzungen, den "Cems", in den Wohnungen der Gemeindemitglieder. Das ist einer der Gründe, warum es unter den türkischen Einwanderern in Deutschland überdurchschnittlich viele Aleviten gibt. Auch in Deutschland ist unklar, wie viele es genau sind - die Statistik unterscheidet bei Ausländern nur nach Staatszugehörigkeit. "Die Schätzungen schwanken zwischen 400.000 und 700.000". Inzwischen haben sie es sogar geschafft, in Deutschland als Religionsgemeinschaft anerkannt zu werden. Doch die Frage, ob Aleviten damit gleichzeitig Muslime sind oder nicht, ist in der Gemeinde umstritten. Aus religionswissenschaftlicher Sicht heißt es: Das Alevitentum entstand aus muslimischen Traditionen. Von Religionswissenschaftlern und einem Teil der Aleviten wird die Glaubensrichtung als eine eigenständige Religion - neben dem Islam - aufgefasst. (Spiegel, 6.7.08).

Kurdenverfolgung in der Türkei: "Wir mordeten nachts, während der Überstunden" (Spiegel, 24.5.09)

 Kurden-Konflikt. Die PKK ist für viele nur der Vorwand. Von Rainer Hermann, Silopi. (FAZ, 31.10.07). Der pensionierte Oberst Erdal Sarizeybek sagte, sollte es im Nordirak einen kurdischen Staat geben, wäre er für die Kurden der Türkei Vorbild. Bevor dieser Unheil anrichte, müsse er verhindert werden.... Der amerikanische Enthüllungsjournalist Seymour Hersh berichtete in der türkischen Presse, dass die Vereinigten Staaten und Israel seit Jahren die PKK mit Waffen unterstützten, unter der Bedingung, dass sie sie gegen Iran einsetzen. Gefunden wurden amerikanische Waffen aber auch bei PKK-Kämpfern in der Türkei. Das Ansehen der Vereinigten Staaten sank in der Türkei deshalb auf einen neuen Tiefpunkt.
In den Höhlen der Turnschuhguerilla. Aus dem Nordirak berichtet Matthias Gebauer
(Spiegel, 28.10.07).
USA rufen Iraker zum Kampf gegen PKK. Von Jürgen Gottschlich, Istanbul. (Spiegel, 22.10.07).
Kenneth R. Timmerman: Turkey Forms Alliance With Iran Against Kurds (Newsmax, 15 Oct 07). Leaders of the Party of Free Life of Iranian Kurdistan, known as PJAK, provided Newsmax with extensive evidence of the Iran-Turkey alliance. Iranian and Turkish artillery simultaneously began shelling civilian villages inside Iraqi Kurdistan from Metina, Zaab, Haftani, and Hakurke in the north, to Haji Oumran, Qalatdizza, Zeh, Marado, and Xinera in the south. A senior European official, who was involved in talks to bring Turkey into the European Union, told Newsmax recently he had been “stunned” by the hard-line toward the Kurds taken by AKP party leader Abdullah Gul, now Turkey’s president. “He was totally uncompromising,” the official said. “He took a harder line than the Turkish military.” At the command level, Iranian and Turkish military officers have held monthly coordination meetings in the Turkish cities of Harakeh, Van, Bashakale, and in the Iranian cities of Urmieh, Mahabad, and Salmas, PJAK officials said.
AP (18.10.07): Iraq: Thousands of Kurds Rally. Hasso Slevkani, a 65-year-old wearing traditional Kurdish clothes and walking with a stick, called on Kurdish political parties to unite in the face of the threat. He expressed concern that the Turks were not only targeting members of the rebel Kurdistan Workers' Party, known as the PKK, but were also trying to disrupt the relative peace and economic success of the autonomous Kurdish region to prevent separatist sentiment from gaining momentum in Turkey. "They are not chasing the PKK," Slevkani said. "They want to degrade Kurdistan's government dignity."

Kenneth R. Timmerman: Kurdish Rebels: ‘We Are Not Terrorists’ (newsmax, 17.10.07).
Kenneth R. Timmerman: Kurdish Rebels Strike Iran (newsmax, 16.10.07)
2nd Kurdish Front: Iran. By RICHARD A. OPPEL Jr. (NYT, 10/23/09). The guerrillas from the Party for Free Life in Kurdistan, or P.J.A.K., have been waging a deadly insurgency in Iran and they are an offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, known as the P.K.K., the Kurdish guerrillas who fight Turkey. Like the P.K.K., the Iranian Kurds control much of the craggy, boulder-strewn frontier and routinely ambush patrols on the other side. But while the Americans call the P.K.K. terrorists, guerrilla commanders say P.J.A.K. has had “direct or indirect discussions” with American officials. They would not divulge any details of the discussions or the level of the officials involved, but they noted that the group’s leader, Rahman Haj-Ahmadi, visited Washington last summer.
                                                    Kurds in Iran
While most Kurds are Sunni Muslims, the guerrillas reject Islamic fundamentalism. Instead, they trace their roots to a Marxist past and still espouse what they call "scientific socialism" and promote women's rights.

Ahmet Altan: The Turkish Threat to World Peace (Spiegel, June 15, 2007).

Andrew McGregor: Kurdish Leader Massoud Barzani Conducting Dangerous Games in Northern Iraq: Outplaying Turkey and PKK.
With the Turkish army massing on the border of northern Iraq, the hard-won gains of Iraq's Kurdish nationalists now face a serious threat. Massoud Barzani, the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the president of Kurdistan since 2005, has adopted a provocative stance as an ally and supporter of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a Kurdish guerrilla/terrorist movement that infiltrates southeast Turkey from bases in northern Iraq.
Much of the tension between the Turks and Barzani's Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) arises from the disputed status of the northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk and its surrounding oil fields. The city has a sizable Arab population (largely settled there by Saddam Hussein) and is a traditional center for Iraq's Turkoman population (ethnically related to the Turks, who act as their patrons). A recent influx of Kurds has created favorable conditions for a proposed referendum to attach Kirkuk to Kurdistan, virtually guaranteeing the success of an independent and newly oil-rich Kurdistan. Turkey has its own economic interests in Kirkuk; Turkey's state-owned Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) reached an agreement in April with the Anglo-Dutch Shell corporation to develop a pipeline running from Kirkuk to the Turkish port of Ceyhan (The Times, April 13). At the same time, Barzani stated bluntly that "Turkey is not allowed to intervene in the Kirkuk issue and if it does, we will interfere in Diyarbakır's issues and other cities in Turkey" (Today's Zaman, June 19). Barzani's approach has been described as "no permanent enemies, only permanent interests." Barzani is likely to use the PKK to achieve several objectives:

1. The unification of rival Kurdish groups under external pressure.
2. The use of the PKK as a potential trading piece in exchange for Turkish recognition of an independent Kurdistan.
3. The use of an external threat from Iran (which is waging its own struggle against Kurdish militants) and Turkey to convince the United States to build a military base in northern Iraq, thus ensuring the security and independence of Kurdistan against its more powerful neighbors. (Jamestown,17.7.07).

Who gassed the Kurds at Halabja: Iraqis or Iranians? Former CIA-associate asks:
A War Crime or an Act of War?

By STEPHEN C. PELLETIERE, NYT 31jan03

Gudrun Eussner: Türkei: Christenpogrome in der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Zwischen 20.000 und 25.000 Christen wurden im Libanon und in Damaskus brutal abgeschlachtet, während Tausende durch Hunger und Krankheiten umkamen und weitere Hundertausend gewaltsam entwurzelt wurden. Frauen wurden für Harems ergriffen, Mütter gezwungen, ihre Kinder zu verkaufen. Bis auf den heutigen Tag sprechen Maroniten mit Bitterkeit von den Madhabih al-Sittin, den Massakern von 1860.